Depression is a common and serious medical illness that negatively affects how you feel, the way you think and how you act. It is also treatable. Depression causes feelings of sadness and a loss of interest in activities once enjoyed. Depression can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems and can decrease a person’s ability to function in public or at home.
No one knows exactly what causes depression, but it can occur for a variety of reasons. Some people experience depression during a serious medical illness. Others may have it with life changes such as a move or the death of a loved one. Still others have a family history of depression.
There are a range of ways to deal with depression. The primary medical options are cognitive behavioral therapy which can control the negative thoughts that lead to loss of interest and feelings of worthlessness, antidepressant medication, and in some cases, electroconvulsive therapy which is for people with psychotic symptoms. Education and coping strategies are also important when learning to manage your depression.
Did you know that depression is the primary reason why someone dies of suicide about every 12 minutes there are over 41,000 deaths per year. Also accounts for $23 billion lost in workdays each year. Depression affects over 300 million people worldwide, regardless of culture, age, gender, religion or race.